Privacy advocates troubled by the court’s Cheap Vans Shoes ruling
In a ruling that could have far-ranging implications for the criminal justice system, the Supreme Courton Mondaygave its approval to taking DNA samples from individuals under arrest but not yet convicted of a criminal offense.
The majority held that a suspect held â€œfor a serious offense,â€ who is brought â€œto the station to be detained in custody,â€ is not protected by the Fourth Amendmentâ€™s ban on unreasonable searches.
Rather, the court ruled that â€œtaking and analyzing a cheek swab of the arresteeâ€™s DNA is, like fingerprinting and photographing, a legitimate police booking procedure that is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment.â€
The courtâ€™s holding overruled a previous decision by the Maryland Court of Appeals.
The court was closely divided, with the majority a patchwork of strange bedfellows. Clinton appointee Stephen Breyer joined conservatives Samuel Alito, Clarence Thomas, and Chief Justice John Roberts, as did Anthony Kennedy, a Reagan appointee who is often considered the courtâ€™s â€œswing vote.â€
Arch-conservative Antonin Scalia joined the more liberal Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Elena Kagan, and Sonia Sotomayor in dissent.
â€œI doubt that the proud men who wrote the charter of our liberties would have been so eager to open their mouths for royal inspection,â€ Scalia wrote.
He also warned that â€œbecause of todayâ€™s decision, your DNA can be taken and entered into a national database if you are ever arrested, rightly or wrongly, and for whatever reason.â€
This isnâ€™t Scaliaâ€™s first rodeo on the left side of the civil liberties spectrum. In 2012, he joined the majority in U.S. v. Jones in holding that placing a GPS tracking device on an individualâ€™s car constitutes a search under the Fourth Amendment. And as far back as 2001, Time Magazine published anÂ Â hailing Scalia as a â€œCivil Libertarian.â€
The dissenting justices arenâ€™t alone in their concern about the ruling. The decision has many privacy experts worried about its potentially far-reaching implications.
Julian Sanchez, a fellow at the CATO institute, toldÂ Â that the ruling paints a broad swath that could lead to frightening scenarios.
“If police want to do a warrantless search of someone to do a DNA sample, and they don’t actually have probable cause, in principle they can arrest you for jaywalking or not signaling when you turn, and then that is enough to get your warrantless search of your DNA,” Sanchez told U.S. News. “If you’re arrested for speeding on the GW Parkway, DNA can be collected and put in a federal database.”
Richard Kling, an attorney and professor at the Chicago-Kent College of Law, toldÂ Â that â€œ[w]ith no probable cause and with no warrant and no consent, you can now be forced to give a DNA swab which can be used to investigate you for anything and everything â€” regardless of whether youâ€™re under suspicion.â€
(originally published atÂ )